A study was conducted to determine the effects of pH, two antioxidants, a chelating agent, a preservative, and propylene glycol on furosemide stability. Aqueous solutions of furosemide containing 10% alcohol (v/v) were prepared in phosphate buffers with various pH values (5, 6, and 9) whose ionic strength was adjusted to 0.1 M with potassium chloride. Some solutions contained chlorobutanol, ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid, or sodium metabisulfite. Another set of aqueous solutions contained phosphate buffer (0.1 M), alcohol (10% v/v), and propylene glycol (40% v/v) with or without cysteine hydrochloride, ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid, and sodium sulfite. The solutions were divided into two parts, stored at 24 and 50 degrees, and assayed frequently using a previously developed high-pressure liquid chromatographic procedure. At the lowest pH value (pH 5), furosemide appeared to be very unstable. Cysteine hydrochloride, ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid, and sodium sulfite failed to improve the stability of furosemide. Chlorobutanol and sodium metabisulfite had an adverse effect on the stability, probably due to the fact that they decreased the pH of the solution. The pH value appears to be the only critical factor for the stability of furosemide. Buffered solutions containing propylene glycol were very stable at both temperatures for 170 days, and they tasted good.