Rational use of intravenous fat emulsions

Am J Hosp Pharm. 1981 Feb;38(2):198-208.


The composition, effect on blood components, relative value compared with intravenous dextrose, clinical applications as a caloric and fatty acid source, adverse reactions, limitations, and administration of intravenous fat emulsions are reviewed. Fat emulsions provide essential fatty acids and calories and are primarily used to supplement of parenteral nutrition regimens. Their use as a major source of calories remains limited because of cost. However, the trend toward aligning intravenous nutrition to that of the normal diet and the increased demand for peripherally administered parenteral nutrition have increased demand for use. The advantages and disadvantages presented may be used by clinicians to assist in establishing the role of intravenous fat therapy in nutritional support services.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Blood Platelets / drug effects
  • Fat Emulsions, Intravenous / adverse effects
  • Fat Emulsions, Intravenous / metabolism
  • Fat Emulsions, Intravenous / therapeutic use*
  • Fatty Acids / analysis
  • Fatty Acids, Essential / deficiency
  • Glucose / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Lipids / blood
  • Lipoproteins / blood
  • Parenteral Nutrition


  • Fat Emulsions, Intravenous
  • Fatty Acids
  • Fatty Acids, Essential
  • Lipids
  • Lipoproteins
  • Glucose