Blood preservation 33. Phosphate enhancement of ribose maintenance of 2,3-DPG and ATP

Transfusion. 1981 Mar-Apr;21(2):215-8. doi: 10.1046/j.1537-2995.1981.21281178160.x.


Blood storage in CPD-adenine supplemented with 25 mM inosine and 10 mM phosphate gave 2,3-DPG levels as high as 140 per cent of normal for six weeks of blood storage at 4 C. Lower but normal 2,3-DPG levels were maintained throughout six weeks with inosine or inosine plus ribose. Ribose alone provided marginally increased DPG maintenance over the control, but ribose with phosphate maintained 2,3-DPG levels above 70 per cent of normal for five weeks of storage and two weeks longer than the control preservative. ATP levels were maintained at normal or above for six weeks with phosphate plus ribose or inosine. 2,3-DPG maintenance has previously been shown to be impaired by phosphate, unless inosine is also present. The ribose and inosine effects on 2,3-DPG maintenance are not additive. Phosphate also has an enhancement effect on ATP maintenance in the presence of either ribose or inosine.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adenine / pharmacology
  • Adenosine Triphosphate / pharmacology
  • Blood Preservation*
  • Diphosphoglyceric Acids / pharmacology
  • Humans
  • Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
  • Inosine / pharmacology
  • Phosphates / pharmacology*
  • Ribose / pharmacology*
  • Time Factors


  • Diphosphoglyceric Acids
  • Phosphates
  • Inosine
  • Ribose
  • Adenosine Triphosphate
  • Adenine