Individual bivalents or chromosomes have been identified in Drosophila melanogaster spermatocytes at metaphase I, anaphase I, metaphase II and anaphase II in electron micrographs of serial sections. Identification was based on a combination of chromosome volume analysis, bivalent topology, and kinetochore position. - Kinetochore microtubule numbers have been obtained for the identified chromosomes at all four meiotic stages. Average numbers in D. melanogaster are relatively low compared to reported numbers of other higher eukaryotes. There is no differences in kinetochore microtubule numbers within a stage despite a large (approximately tenfold) difference in chromosome volume between the largest and the smallest chromosome. A comparison between the two meiotic metaphases (metaphase I and metaphase II) reveals that metaphase I kinetochores possess twice as many microtubules as metaphase II kinetochores. - Other microtubules in addition to those that end on or penetrate the kinetochore are found in the vicinity of the kinetochore. These microtubules penetrate the chromosome rather than the kinetochore proper and are more numerous at metaphase I than at the other division stages.