Transport of GABA at the blood-CSF interface

J Neurochem. 1982 Apr;38(4):1072-9. doi: 10.1111/j.1471-4159.1982.tb05350.x.


The entry of GABA into cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) was studied in dogs anesthetized with pentobarbital and relaxed with suxamethonium. GABA was administered intravenously as a priming dose and subsequent maintenance infusion to compensate for the rapid elimination of the amino acid. Steady state concentrations of GABA in CSF were reached between 10 and 60 min after injection, the rate of entry tending to decrease with increasing plasma levels. During steady state conditions CSF concentrations showed great interindividual differences and varied between 0.03 and 5.1% of those in plasma. Probenecid and sodium valproate considerably enhanced the CSF/plasma concentration ratio of GABA. When GABA was directly injected into the liquor space, probenecid slowed down the elimination of GABA from CSF. The results suggest a transport of GABA into and out of CSF, the outward transport being inhibited by probenecid and sodium valproate.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Dogs
  • Female
  • Injections, Intravenous
  • Kinetics
  • Male
  • Valproic Acid / pharmacology
  • gamma-Aminobutyric Acid / administration & dosage
  • gamma-Aminobutyric Acid / blood
  • gamma-Aminobutyric Acid / cerebrospinal fluid*


  • gamma-Aminobutyric Acid
  • Valproic Acid