Evidence against a role for lipoxygenase-derived products of arachidonic acid in the lamb ductus arteriosus

Can J Physiol Pharmacol. 1982 Mar;60(3):345-9. doi: 10.1139/y82-049.


The effects of leukotrienes, the leukotriene antagonist FPL55712 (sodium 7-(3-(4-acetyl-3-hydroxy-2-propyl-phenoxy)-2-hydroxypropoxy)-4-oxo-8-propyl-4H-1-benzopyran-2-carboxylate), and inhibitors of arachidonate lipoxygenase and cyclo-oxygenase (compound BW755C, 3-amino-1-(m-(trifluoromethyl)-phenyl)-2-pyrazoline; ETYA, 5,8,11,14-eicosatetraynoic acid) were studied in an isolated preparation of ductus arteriosus from mature foetal lambs. Leukotrienes (LT) C4 and D4 produced a modest relaxation of the ductus but only at the highest concentrations tested (10(-7) to 10(-6) M) and under hypoxic conditions (PO2, 6--9 Torr (1 Torr = 133.322 Pa)). LTB4 had no effect at any concentration tested. BW755C (10(-6) to 10(-5) M) and FPL55712 (10(-5) M) contracted the hypoxic ductus; however, their action was abolished by pretreatment of the tissue with the cyclooxygenase inhibitor indomethacin (2.8 x 10(-6) M). Indomethacin-treated preparations were also unresponsive to ETYA 3 x 10(-5) M. The contraction of hypoxic tissues to either BW755C or FPL55712 increased further upon raising the oxygen tension of the medium (PO2 591--691 Torr). These findings indicate that leukotrienes and allied compounds formed from lipoxygenase-catalysed reactions do not contribute to prenatal patency of the ductus and are unlikely to have a role in its closure at birth. It is also confirmed that prostaglandin E2 is essential for keeping the vessel patent in the foetus.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • 4,5-Dihydro-1-(3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)-1H-pyrazol-3-amine
  • Animals
  • Arachidonic Acid
  • Arachidonic Acids / physiology*
  • Chromones / pharmacology
  • Ductus Arteriosus / enzymology*
  • Female
  • Lipoxygenase / physiology*
  • Muscle Contraction / drug effects
  • Pregnancy
  • Pyrazoles / pharmacology
  • SRS-A / pharmacology
  • Sheep


  • Arachidonic Acids
  • Chromones
  • Pyrazoles
  • SRS-A
  • Arachidonic Acid
  • 4,5-Dihydro-1-(3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)-1H-pyrazol-3-amine
  • FPL 55712
  • Lipoxygenase