Phage and colicin-resistant mutants were derived from Escherichia coli K-12P678. Two classes of phage T6 and colicin K-resistant mutants (genotype tsx) were isolated. Tsx-2 mutants, which demonstrated mucoid growth and increased sensitivities to many antibiotics, became sensitive to colicin K when pretreated with ethylenediaminetetraacetate (EDTA), whereas Tsx-1 mutants did not. Reassociation of EDTA-released material partially restored resistance to colicin K for Tsx-2 mutants. When EDTA-released material from strain P678 was associated with either class of K-resistant mutant, an increase in colicin K sensitivity resulted. Observations suggest that colicin K can act on its target site once it penetrates the cell surface. In addition, results suggest that functional colicin K receptors can be transferred from sensitive to resistant strains, thus conferring colicin sensitivity.