Pipecolic acid oxidase from Rhodotorula glutinis, which converts pipecolic acid to alpha-aminoadipic-delta-semialdehyde, an intermediate of the biosynthetic pathway of lysine, was purified 290-fold. The enzyme from the crude extract and purified preparation exhibited a molecular weight of approximately 43,000 and was composed of a single subunit. The purified enzyme was heat labile and exhibited a pH optimum of 8.5 and an apparent Km for L-pipecolic acid of 1.67 X 10(-3) M. L-Proline acted as a competitive inhibitor for the enzyme. The enzyme was inhibited by the sulfhydryl agents p-chloromercuribenzoate and mercuric chloride. The in vitro enzyme activity required oxygen and upon oxidation of pipecolic acid, oxygen was reduced to hydrogen peroxide.