Factor VIII was purified from cryoprecipitate by ion exchange chromatography on solid phase polyelectrolyte E-5 (PE-E5). The product was highly purified (3.5 u VIII:C/mg protein) compared to conventional concentrate (0.3 u VIII:C/mg protein) with low fibrinogen, low isoagglutinin titre, and a ratio of factor VIII coagulant activity (VIII:C) to factor VII related antigen (VIIIR:Ag) of 16:1. Trial infusions of this material (PE VIII) were given to three patients with severe haemophilia A and one patient with homozygous von Willebrand's disease. These patients also each received separate infusions of intermediate purity concentrate (IPC) for comparison. There were no adverse effects. The mean half life of VIII:C after PE VIII infusion in the haemophiliacs was 10.9 h and after IPC was 12.1 h, a statistically insignificant difference. The survival of factor VIII coagulant antigen (VIII:CAg) was similar to that of VIII:C. In contrast, the half life of VIII:C and of VIII:CAg was very short after infusion of PE VIII in the patient wih von Willebrand's disease (2.4 h). IPC when infused in this patient produced a typical secondary rise of VIII:C. Two bleeding episodes in severe haemophiliacs were satisfactorily treated with PE VIII. PE-E5 deserves further study as a means of preparing clinical concentrates of factor VIII.