Interactions of zeste mutations with loci exhibiting transvection effects in Drosophila melanogaster

Genetics. 1982 Oct;102(2):179-89. doi: 10.1093/genetics/102.2.179.


Zeste (1-1.0; 3A3) mutations have been known to modify the expression of two gene complexes: white (1-1.5; 3C1.5) and bithorax (3-58.8; 89E1-4) in Drosophila melanogaster. Certain mutations of these complexes have been shown to behave in a synapsis-dependent fashion. That is, certain bithorax and white genotypes exhibit one level of expression when the two copies of these loci are able to synapse in somatic tissues and another level when heterozygosity for chromosomal rearrangements interferes with their ability to pair. Such phenomena are termed transvection effects by LEWIS (1954). In the case of the white locus, asynapsis leads to a more normal state, whereas at bithorax, asynapsis leads to a more mutant phenotype. Recently, a third case of transvection was described at the decapentaplegic (2-4.0; 22F1-3) gene complex (GELBART 1982); phenomenologically, it is very similar to transvection at bithorax. In this report, we demonstrate that zeste mutations can also interact with those decapentaplegic mutations that exhibit transvection effects. In addition, we present more information on the zeste interactions with white and bithorax. Interactions with zeste may be diagnostic of loci that can exhibit transvection effects. However, different groups of zeste alleles interact with each complex. z1 interacts with white, za alleles interact with bithorax and all tested zeste mutants interact with decapentaplegic. These differential effects of zeste mutations may be a reflection of the neomorphic nature of the z1 allele.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Drosophila melanogaster / genetics*
  • Mutation*
  • Phenotype
  • Recombination, Genetic*
  • Repetitive Sequences, Nucleic Acid*