Enterohepatic circulation of sulindac and metabolites

Clin Pharmacol Ther. 1983 Feb;33(2):172-7. doi: 10.1038/clpt.1983.26.


Four subjects were studied by continuous intraduodenal sampling to establish the existence and determine the extent of enterohepatic recirculation of sulindac and its sulfide and sulfone metabolites. Sulindac, 200 mg by mouth, was given every 12 hr for 7 days. After the last dose was given intraduodenally, constant duodenal infusion of a nutrient mixture and sampling of duodenal contents were performed through a triple-lumen intraduodenal tube for 12 hr. Calculation of nonabsorbed drug in the samples and quantitation of drug and metabolite levels in the biliary secretions were made possible by nonabsorbable markers in the drug solution and in the infusate. Interindividual variations in the absolute values for each of the chemical species were over a 200% range, but for each subject relative clearances were in a remarkably constant ratio, averaging 1:12:12 for sulfide:sulindac:sulfone. Total biliary excretions of the prodrug (sulindac) and active pharmacophore (sulfide) calculated from these biliary clearances and historic mean plasma AUCs were 136% and 22% of dose. Thus, there is a correlation between data in man and those in five other species and the data established that, after sulindac, the contribution of enterohepatic circulation to conservation of the active pharmacophore is achieved predominantly at the level of inactive prodrug.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Bile / analysis
  • Bile / metabolism
  • Biotransformation
  • Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
  • Enterohepatic Circulation
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Indenes / metabolism*
  • Male
  • Oxidation-Reduction
  • Sulindac / metabolism*


  • Indenes
  • Sulindac