A new concept in the surgical treatment of gastroesophageal reflux

Ann Surg. 1983 Mar;197(3):254-9. doi: 10.1097/00000658-198303000-00002.

Abstract

Surgical treatment of gastroesophageal reflux has been thought to depend on the construction of a valve mechanism at the gastroesophageal junction (GEJ). Recently, a silicone prosthesis that does not construct a valve has been introduced, and in preliminary studies in the human, shown to be effective in the treatment of reflux. A precise mode of action has not been demonstrated for the prosthesis. This study was undertaken to investigate the mechanics of the prosthesis and determine its effectiveness in an animal model. Six canine gastroesophageal specimens were excised and the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) simulated by a rubber band placed around the GEJ at a tension calibrated to give 25 mmHg "sphincter" pressure. Circumferential silk ligatures of varying length were then placed on the stomach 3.0 cm distal to the GEJ. With no ligature, the LES opening pressure (LESOP) was 8.0 mmHg, varying to 17.0 mmHg with an 8.0 cm ligature. Further, 24 adult mongrel dogs were randomly divided into four equal groups: controls, circular myomectomy of the LES alone, myomectomy combined with fundoplication, and myomectomy combined with implantation of the silicone antireflux prosthesis. Evaluation included manometry, endoscopy, and histology. Although only the normal sphincter and fundoplication responded physiologically, the prosthesis was just as effective in preventing reflux, as evidenced by reducing acid exposure time of myomectomized dogs from 35.4% to 1.8%, and by preventing endoscopic esophagitis. It was concluded that the silicone antireflux prosthesis acts in the same fashion as the ligature in the model, by interrupting distraction of the LES by gastric wall tension. This concept is an effective method for raising LESOP, treating experimental gastroesophageal reflux, and eliminating the sequelae of reflux. Long-term evaluations of the prosthesis are required.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Dogs
  • Endoscopy
  • Esophagogastric Junction / surgery*
  • Female
  • Gastric Fundus / surgery
  • Gastroesophageal Reflux / surgery*
  • Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
  • Male
  • Manometry
  • Pressure
  • Prostheses and Implants*
  • Silicones

Substances

  • Silicones