Adult chimeric epidermal structures were obtained following transplantation of haploid nuclei from haploid donor embryos of Drosophila into genetically marked diploid embryos. The haploid nuclei either remained haploid or became diploid. Where possible, physical measurements indicated that the haploid cells were smaller and produced smaller cuticular structures than did diploid cells. An increase in the number of pattern elements was observed in many patches which, by various criteria, were judged to be formed by haploid cells. The observation of altered pattern element spacing in haploid patches is in agreement with the conclusion, reached by L. I. Held (1979, Wilhelm Roux's Arch. 187, 105-127) in triploid flies, that bristle spacing is a function of cell size.