Atrial transport function in coronary artery disease: relation to left ventricular function

J Am Coll Cardiol. 1983 Apr;1(4):1011-7. doi: 10.1016/s0735-1097(83)80102-8.

Abstract

The atrial contribution to ventricular stroke volume was evaluated in 50 patients with coronary artery disease and found to be related to left ventricular function. All patients underwent complete hemodynamic and angiographic studies. Angiographic volume studies were utilized to determine atrial contribution to the stroke volume, end-systolic volume and ejection fraction. In 11 patients without heart disease, atrial contribution to stroke volume was (mean value +/- standard deviation) 9.3 +/- 6 ml/m2 compared with 13.5 +/- 6 ml/m2 in the patients with coronary disease (probability [p] less than 0.05). The percent of atrial contribution to stroke volume was 20 +/- 7 and 33 +/- 11%, respectively, in normal subjects and patients with coronary disease (p less than 0.05). The combination of congestive heart failure and cardiomegaly was the only clinical aspect associated with a significantly higher (p less than 0.05) atrial contribution to stroke volume than that in the remaining patients with coronary disease (46 versus 31%). Relating the atrial contribution to stroke volume to the left ventricular end-diastolic pressure, stroke volume, end-systolic volume and ejection fraction revealed correlation coefficients of 0.30, -0.44, 0.56 and -0.64, respectively. No patient with a normal ejection fraction (greater than 0.50) had an atrial contribution greater than 40% of stroke volume. The ratio of peak left ventricular systolic pressure/end-systolic volume (mm Hg/ml) was 2.7 +/- 1.5 in patients (n = 14) with an atrial contribution greater than 40% of stroke volume compared with 5.3 +/- 3.4 in patients having an atrial contribution of 40% or less (p less than 0.01). These findings indicate that atrial contribution to stroke volume is inversely related to left ventricular function.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Blood Pressure
  • Cardiac Output*
  • Coronary Disease / diagnostic imaging*
  • Coronary Disease / physiopathology
  • Female
  • Heart Atria / physiopathology
  • Heart Rate
  • Heart Ventricles / physiopathology
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Myocardial Contraction*
  • Radiography
  • Stroke Volume*