Peutz-Jeghers syndrome in children: report of two cases and review of the literature

J Pediatr Surg. 1983 Feb;18(1):1-6. doi: 10.1016/s0022-3468(83)80262-0.


In this article, we report two new cases of Peutz-Jeghers syndrome in children and review the literature over the past twenty years. This series of 70 cases demonstrates that the clinical pictures observed in children are similar to those of adults. Rectal prolapse or extrusion of polyps can be the clue to the diagnosis at an early age, even in the absence of pigmentation, which can appear later. Gastroduodenal polyps were strikingly frequent in the less than or equal to 16-yr-old group (62%) a circumstance that can create operative difficulties. Five out of the 70 patients (7.14%) had tumors during childhood (two gastrointestinal adenocarcinomas, two ovarian and one testicular neoplasms). A higher risk of tumor development in these patients does exist either as a result of degeneration of the polyps or of a genetic predisposition. Whenever operation becomes necessary, a very cautious approach must be advised in order to preserve as much intestinal length as possible in these patients, who have a lifelong disease which may require repeated operations.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Child
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Intussusception / complications*
  • Intussusception / genetics
  • Jejunal Diseases / complications*
  • Jejunal Diseases / genetics
  • Peutz-Jeghers Syndrome / complications*
  • Peutz-Jeghers Syndrome / genetics
  • Rectal Prolapse / complications*
  • Rectal Prolapse / genetics