Fundus changes in acute malnutritional optic neuropathy

Arch Ophthalmol. 1983 Apr;101(4):577-9. doi: 10.1001/archopht.1983.01040010577009.


A peculiar dilation and tortuosity of small retinal vessels within the arcuate areas of the retinal nerve fiber layer occurred in a series of patients with acute malnutritional optic neuropathy ("tobacco-alcohol amblyopia"). These evanescent vascular abnormalities may be caused by arteriovenous shunting. They seem to be specific indicators of the early phase of this disease.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Acute Disease
  • Adult
  • Alcoholism / complications
  • Amblyopia / diagnosis*
  • Fluorescein Angiography*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Nutrition Disorders / complications*
  • Optic Nerve Diseases / diagnosis*
  • Retinal Hemorrhage / diagnosis
  • Smoking