Reproductive hazards among workers at high voltage substations

Bioelectromagnetics. 1983;4(1):91-101. doi: 10.1002/bem.2250040109.


A retrospective study on reproductive hazards was performed among 542 employees at Swedish power plants. Questionnaires were answered by 89% of the employees. Data on pregnancies were checked by studying hospital case records. There was a statistically significant, decreased frequency of "normal" pregnancy outcome, almost exclusively due to an increased frequency of congenital malformations, when the father was a high-voltage switchyard worker. The differences in pregnancy outcome could not be explained by any of the confounding factors analyzed. The total number of children with malformations (26) and the total number of pregnancies in this study, however, were very small.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Abnormalities, Radiation-Induced / epidemiology
  • Abnormalities, Radiation-Induced / etiology
  • Abnormalities, Radiation-Induced / genetics
  • Abortion, Spontaneous / epidemiology
  • Abortion, Spontaneous / etiology
  • Electromagnetic Fields / adverse effects*
  • Electromagnetic Phenomena / adverse effects*
  • Female
  • Fertility / radiation effects
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Medical Records
  • Power Plants
  • Pregnancy
  • Reproduction / radiation effects*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Sweden