A fluorescent phallotoxin with high photostability, tetramethylrhodaminyl-phalloidin (Rh-phalloidin), has been prepared. The affinity of this compound to rabbit muscle actin has been determined to be about 6 times lower than that of phalloidin. In freshly isolated hepatocytes the internalized fluorescent toxin stains the cellular actin. In contrary, there is no actin staining visible in cultured hepatocytes. Short-term cultured hepatocytes (5 h of culturing) incorporate the toxin by endocytosis; it is kept sealed in the endocytotic vesicles, which are usually found accumulated at the sites where cells touch after reaggregation.