Structure-activity correlations for a series of antiallergy agents. 3. Development of a quantitative model

J Med Chem. 1983 May;26(5):726-37. doi: 10.1021/jm00359a018.

Abstract

A nonlinear regression model has been employed to investigate the activity of a series of 51 drugs in the rat passive cutaneous anaphylaxis assay. Although several classes of molecules are represented in the sample, there are certain common structural features that enable detailed geometric and electronic comparisons to be made. Ab initio Hartree-Fock SCF calculations were performed by using the molecular fragment approach to characterize the electronic structure and preferred conformations of the molecules. The statistical results establish the importance of nine structural factors in determining the potency as inhibitors of histamine release. Both the conformation of a drug and its capacity to act effectively as an electron acceptor in charge-transfer interactions are shown to be critical for high activity.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Hypersensitivity / drug therapy*
  • Mathematics
  • Models, Chemical*
  • Passive Cutaneous Anaphylaxis / drug effects
  • Rats
  • Structure-Activity Relationship