Computerized tomography as a diagnostic aid in acute hemorrhagic leukoencephalitis

Ann Neurol. 1983 Mar;13(3):331-3. doi: 10.1002/ana.410130319.


Computerized tomography (CT) in a pathologically proven case of acute hemorrhagic leukoencephalitis (AHL) showed a mass effect and increased absorption coefficient in the right hemisphere within 18 hours of the onset of neurological symptoms. The changes corresponded to the site of white matter edema, necrosis, and petechial hemorrhages demonstrated postmortem. The early changes of CT reflect the hyperacute nature of AHL and differ from those of herpes simplex encephalitis.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Acute Disease
  • Brain / pathology
  • Cerebral Hemorrhage / complications*
  • Cerebral Hemorrhage / diagnostic imaging
  • Cerebral Hemorrhage / pathology
  • Encephalitis / complications*
  • Encephalitis / diagnostic imaging
  • Encephalitis / pathology
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed*