The Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale: its use in a community sample

Am J Psychiatry. 1983 Jan;140(1):41-6. doi: 10.1176/ajp.140.1.41.


The authors gave the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CES-D) Scale, a self-report depression symptom scale, to 528 subjects drawn from a larger longitudinal community survey. Interviewers also assessed respondents using the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia (SADS), a structured clinical interview; on the basis of the SADS the subjects were then given diagnoses according to the Research Diagnostic Criteria. The results corroborated earlier findings of a modest relationship between self-reported symptoms of depression and the diagnosis of depression. The authors conclude that the CES-D Scale may be useful as an initial or first-stage screening test.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • California
  • Depression / diagnosis
  • Depression / epidemiology
  • Depressive Disorder / diagnosis
  • Depressive Disorder / epidemiology*
  • False Negative Reactions
  • False Positive Reactions
  • Humans
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Personality Disorders / diagnosis
  • Personality Disorders / epidemiology
  • Psychiatric Status Rating Scales*
  • Psychometrics