Educational contracts: a basis for effective clinical teaching

J Med Educ. 1983 Jun;58(6):462-7.


An educational contract is a negotiated agreement between a teacher and a learner. It addresses four elements: needs, expectations, roles, and content. Contracts should develop and evolve via explicit negotiation between the teacher and the learner. Research to validate the concept of the educational contract and to document its utility is important to understanding effective clinical teaching.

MeSH terms

  • Faculty, Medical
  • Humans
  • Learning
  • Students, Medical
  • Teaching / methods*