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, 44 (5), 774-80

Effects of Large Doses of Phenylbutazone Administration to Horses

  • PMID: 6869982

Effects of Large Doses of Phenylbutazone Administration to Horses

R J MacKay et al. Am J Vet Res.

Abstract

The effects of large doses of phenylbutazone were evaluated in clinically normal horses. The drug was given to 4 groups of 2 horses each at the rate of 30 mg/kg of body weight, orally, or 30, 15, or 8 mg/kg IV daily for up to 2 weeks. All horses became anorectic and depressed after 2 to 4 phenylbutazone treatments, and the horses given 15 or 30 mg/kg died on or between days 4 and 7 of treatment. A decrease in total blood neutrophil count occurred in all horses, and was associated with toxic left shift in horses given the 2 larger dosage schedules. The horses also had progressive increases in serum urea nitrogen, creatinine, and phosphorus concentrations, accompanied by decreasing serum calcium concentrations. There was a progressive decrease in total serum protein in all 8 horses. Gastrointestinal ulcerations, renal papillary necrosis, and vascular thromboses were the predominant postmortem findings.

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