Inhibition studies were used to investigate the identity of the microsomal enzyme(s) responsible for the NADPH-dependent N-hydroxylation of 2-amino-6-nitrotoluene. The N-hydroxylation reaction was inhibited by several cytochrome P-450 inhibitors as well as by methimazole, a substrate for flavin-containing monooxygenase. Heat inactivation of flavin-containing monooxygenase had no effect on the rate of the reaction but abolished the inhibition by methimazole. These results indicate that the flavin-containing monooxygenase-mediated metabolism of methimazole produced an inhibitor of the cytochrome P-450-catalyzed N-hydroxylation reaction. When glutathione was included in the incubation the inhibition by methimazole was abolished, presumably due to the reduction of oxygenated metabolites of methimazole. These results show that methimazole inhibition does not necessarily implicate flavin-containing monooxygenase in microsomal N-hydroxylation reactions.