Warfarin inhibits both procoagulant activity and metastatic capacity of Lewis lung carcinoma cells. Role of vitamin K deficiency

Biochem Pharmacol. 1983 Jun 1;32(11):1689-91. doi: 10.1016/0006-2952(83)90110-7.


Chronic vitamin K deficiency, either dietary or pharmacologically induced with warfarin, depressed significantly the growth of lung secondaries in a spontaneously metastasizing murine tumor, the Lewis Lung Carcinoma. This effect was associated with a marked depression of the procoagulant activity of cancer cells, which could contribute to fibrin deposition around the tumor. Cellular anticoagulation may thus be an important mechanism in the antimetastatic effect of warfarin.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Blood Coagulation / drug effects*
  • Blood Coagulation Factors / pharmacology
  • Lung Neoplasms / blood*
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Neoplasm Metastasis / prevention & control
  • Neoplasms, Experimental / blood
  • Vitamin K Deficiency / blood*
  • Warfarin / pharmacology*


  • Blood Coagulation Factors
  • prothrombin complex concentrates
  • Warfarin