Gastric cancer and coal mine dust exposure. A case-control study

Cancer. 1983 Oct 1;52(7):1346-50. doi: 10.1002/1097-0142(19831001)52:7<1346::aid-cncr2820520734>;2-y.


Based on evidence that coal miners have elevated gastric cancer mortality rates, a case-control study was developed to assess the gastric cancer risk of coal mine dust exposure. Forty-six cases of US white male gastric cancer deaths from NIOSH coal miner cohorts were individually matched by age to controls. From these data we show that a statistically elevated gastric cancer risk exists for miners who have prolonged exposure to coal mine dust and prolonged exposure to cigarette smoke. Coal workers' pneumoconiosis, a disease defined in terms of coal dust deposition in the lungs, was not found to be a gastric cancer risk.

MeSH terms

  • Coal Mining*
  • Dust / adverse effects*
  • Humans
  • Occupational Diseases / epidemiology*
  • Risk
  • Smoking
  • Stomach Neoplasms / epidemiology
  • Stomach Neoplasms / etiology*


  • Dust