Temporal and spatial characteristics of evolving cell injury during regional myocardial ischemia in the dog: the "border zone" controversy

J Am Coll Cardiol. 1983 Oct;2(4):661-70. doi: 10.1016/s0735-1097(83)80306-4.


An open chest dog heart with multiple coronary ligations was used to define the temporal and spatial characteristics of injury evolving during regional ischemia. With the use of a multiple (40 sample) biopsy device, adjacent transmural biopsy specimens were obtained from the transition zone between normal and ischemic tissue after 5, 30, 45, 60 and 120 minutes of ischemia. The first 1.8 mm of epicardial tissue was taken for the analysis of flow and metabolites. The results confirmed the existence of a sharp interface of flow and metabolism in the epicardial lateral plane at the boundary of the ischemic zone. There was no significant zone of intermediate injury (flow and metabolism being depressed uniformly throughout the ischemic area). Comparison of the distribution of flow determined by radiolabeled gadolinium-153 at onset of ischemia with that indicated by radiolabeled tin-113 microspheres given at the end of various periods of ischemia revealed no change in the position or steepness of the flow interface at any time during the first 2 hours of ischemia. This observation, together with the absence of any major redistribution or enhancement of residual flow to the ischemic zone, indicated that there was little or no significant collateralization between 5 and 120 minutes. Analysis of the adenosine triphosphate (ATP) content revealed a rapid depletion during the first 5 minutes of ischemia; the content then remained essentially unchanged until 30 minutes, after which time a second phase of accelerated ATP depletion was observed until 45 minutes. ATP content then remained relatively constant up to 2 hours.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adenosine Triphosphate / metabolism
  • Animals
  • Biopsy
  • Collateral Circulation
  • Coronary Circulation
  • Coronary Disease / pathology*
  • Coronary Disease / physiopathology
  • Coronary Vessels / surgery
  • Dogs
  • Female
  • Gadolinium
  • Ligation
  • Male
  • Microspheres
  • Myocardium / metabolism
  • Myocardium / pathology*
  • Radioisotopes
  • Time Factors
  • Tin


  • Radioisotopes
  • Tin
  • Adenosine Triphosphate
  • Gadolinium