Evidence for a species of nuclear actin distinct from cytoplasmic and muscles actins

Biochemistry. 1981 Mar 31;20(7):2013-7. doi: 10.1021/bi00510a042.


Nuclear actin (protein BJ) has been isolated from the chromatin of Novikoff hepatoma ascites cells and purified to homogeneity by selective extraction, Sepharose CL-6B chromatography, and preparative polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. A comparison of nuclear and cytoplasmic actins from Novikoff hepatoma cells and rabbit muscle actin was made by amino acid analysis, isoelectric focusing/sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, and two-dimensional peptide mapping procedures. By these criteria, all of the proteins compared are actins, but each is chemically distinct. It was concluded, therefore, that nuclear actin is similar to, but not identical with, cytoplasmic actin isolated from Novikoff hepatoma cells. A striking similarity in peptide charge and migration as shown by peptide map analysis was observed for nuclear and rabbit skeletal muscle actins. This may indicate that nuclear actin has the capacity for contractile function. In addition, the actins synthesized in Novikoff hepatoma cells may results from more than two structural genes.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Actins / analysis*
  • Amino Acids / analysis
  • Animals
  • Cell Nucleus / analysis*
  • Chromatin / analysis
  • Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel
  • Liver Neoplasms, Experimental / analysis*
  • Molecular Weight
  • Muscles / analysis*
  • Organ Specificity
  • Peptide Fragments / analysis
  • Rats
  • Trypsin


  • Actins
  • Amino Acids
  • Chromatin
  • Peptide Fragments
  • Trypsin