Cigarette smoking, oral hygiene and periodontal health in Swedish army conscripts

J Clin Periodontol. 1980 Apr;7(2):106-13. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-051x.1980.tb01953.x.


Possible dissimilarities between smokers and nonsmokers regarding oral hygiene, gingivitis, periodontal pocketing and alveolar bone loss were studied in a sample of 134 army conscripts. Compared to nonsmokers, smokers had a higher plaque index and greater severity of gingivitis, while no differences were found concerning pocket depth and bone loss. It could be demonstrated that the difference regarding gingivitis disappeared when a check was made for plaque values. It still remains to be explained why plaque deposition is more pronounced in smokers.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Dental Plaque / etiology*
  • Gingivitis / etiology*
  • Humans
  • Incisor
  • Male
  • Military Personnel
  • Molar
  • Oral Health*
  • Oral Hygiene*
  • Periodontal Index
  • Smoking / complications*
  • Sweden