HeLa cell DNA polymerase alpha is tightly associated with tryptophanyl-tRNA synthetase and diadenosine 5',5"'-P1,P4-tetraphosphate binding activities

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1981 Feb;78(2):838-42. doi: 10.1073/pnas.78.2.838.


The purified high molecular weight form of HeLa cell DNA polymerase alpha (deoxynucleosidetriphosphate: DNA deoxynucleotidyltransferase, EC was shown to associate tightly with several aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase activities. Fractionation of the high molecular weight enzyme on hexylagarose followed by gel filtration, chromatography on phosphocellulose, or polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis under nondenaturing conditions demonstrated copurification of only tryptophanyl-tRNA synthetase [L-tryptophan:tRNATrp ligase (AMP-forming), EC] along with DNA polymerase alpha. The high molecular weight (660,000) and low molecular weight (145,000) forms of DNA polymerase alpha were shown to possess a highly specific, noncovalent, diadenosine 5',5"'-P1,P4-tetraphosphate (Ap4A) binding activity. The dissociation constants were determined to be 16 and 22 microM, respectively, by utilization of a charcoal adsorption procedure. No high-affinity binding of ATP could be detected. These findings suggest a link between the amino acid activation process and DNA replication in mammalian cells.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adenine Nucleotides / metabolism*
  • Amino Acyl-tRNA Synthetases / metabolism*
  • DNA Polymerase II / isolation & purification
  • DNA Polymerase II / metabolism*
  • DNA-Directed DNA Polymerase / metabolism*
  • Dinucleoside Phosphates*
  • HeLa Cells / enzymology*
  • Humans
  • Kinetics
  • Molecular Weight
  • Protein Binding
  • Tryptophan-tRNA Ligase / metabolism*


  • Adenine Nucleotides
  • Dinucleoside Phosphates
  • diadenosine tetraphosphate
  • DNA Polymerase II
  • DNA-Directed DNA Polymerase
  • Amino Acyl-tRNA Synthetases
  • Tryptophan-tRNA Ligase