Effect of refractive error on the risk of ocular hypertension and open angle glaucoma

Trans Ophthalmol Soc U K (1962). 1981;101(1):121-6.


From a case-control study of out-patients attending an ophthalmic clinic no relationship (relative risk = 1) was found between refractive error and ocular tension. The deconfounded effect of refractive error on open angle glaucoma (field loss) increased at higher levels of myopia (relative risk = 1.18; refractive error -0.2) The combined effects of myopia and severe ocular hypertension were found to be synergistic (interactive risk ratio = 2.2).

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Glaucoma, Open-Angle / etiology*
  • Humans
  • Myopia / complications
  • Ocular Hypertension / etiology*
  • Refractive Errors / complications*
  • Risk