Uptake of horseradish peroxidase by presynaptic terminals of bipolar cells and photoreceptors of the from retina

J Histochem Cytochem. 1981 Apr;29(4):511-8. doi: 10.1177/29.4.6972957.


The uptake of horseradish peroxidase (HRP) into synaptic vesicles of presynaptic terminals in the inner and outer plexiform layers of isolated frog retinas was studies by electron microscopy. Uptake into the terminals of bipolar cells was found to be enhanced by exposure of the preparations to elevated concentrations of potassium ions, and by exposure to aspartic acid or glutamic acid. Glycine had much less effect on the terminals. These results suggest that HRP uptake may prove useful in monitoring some aspects of the responses of inner plexiform layer cells to conditions of physiological interest. Uptake into photoreceptor terminals was also enhanced by elevated potassium concentrations; the effects of the amino acids were complex.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acids / pharmacology
  • Animals
  • Histocytochemistry
  • Horseradish Peroxidase / metabolism*
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Peroxidases / metabolism*
  • Photoreceptor Cells / metabolism*
  • Potassium / pharmacology
  • Rana pipiens
  • Retina / drug effects
  • Retina / metabolism*
  • Synaptic Vesicles / metabolism


  • Amino Acids
  • Horseradish Peroxidase
  • Peroxidases
  • Potassium