Pineal region tumors: computed tomographic-pathologic spectrum

AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1981 Nov;137(5):951-6. doi: 10.2214/ajr.137.5.951.


While several computed tomographic (CT) studies of posterior third ventricular neoplasms have included descriptions of pineal tumors, few reports have concentrated on these uncommon lesions. Some authors have asserted that the CT appearance of many pineal tumors is virtually pathognomonic. A series of nine biopsy-proved pineal gland and eight other presumed tumors is presented that illustrates their remarkable heterogeneity in both histopathologic and CT appearance. These tumors included germinomas, teratocarcinomas, hamartomas, and other varieties. They had variable margination, attenuation, calcification, and suprasellar extension. Germinomas have the best response to radiation therapy. Biopsy of pineal region tumors is now feasible and is recommended for treatment planning.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Biopsy
  • Brain Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging*
  • Brain Neoplasms / pathology
  • Child
  • Dysgerminoma / diagnostic imaging
  • Dysgerminoma / pathology
  • Female
  • Hamartoma / diagnostic imaging
  • Hamartoma / pathology
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Pineal Gland / diagnostic imaging*
  • Pineal Gland / pathology
  • Teratoma / diagnostic imaging
  • Teratoma / pathology
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed*