Reversibility of chronic neurologic deficits. Some effects of electrical stimulation of the thalamus and internal capsule in man

Appl Neurophysiol. 1980;43(3-5):244-58. doi: 10.1159/000102263.

Abstract

Stimulation of the thalamus and internal capsule with Medtronic deep brain stimulation electrodes produced improvement in pain, hemiparesis, dystonia, torticollis, tremor. speech impairment and epilepsy. Stimulation at voltages above or below clinically effective levels (e.g., 6 V, 0.3 ms, 74 Hz) resulted in a loss of clinical efficacy. Somatosensory evoked responses (short and long latency) and depth electrode recordings were helpful in localisation and 'biocalibration' of electrical stimulation.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Caudate Nucleus / physiology*
  • Cerebral Palsy / therapy
  • Dysarthria / therapy
  • Electric Stimulation Therapy*
  • Epilepsy / therapy
  • Evoked Potentials, Somatosensory
  • Female
  • Hemiplegia / therapy
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Movement Disorders / therapy
  • Muscle Spasticity / therapy
  • Nervous System Diseases / therapy*
  • Pain Management
  • Thalamus / physiology*