Computed tomographic diagnosis of intraventricular hemorrhage. Etiology and prognosis

Radiology. 1982 Apr;143(1):91-6. doi: 10.1148/radiology.143.1.6977795.


Sixty-eight patients with intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) diagnosed by computed tomography (CT) were reviewed retrospectively to determine the etiology and prognosis, relationship to delayed hydrocephalus, and effect on neurological outcome. The most common causes were a ruptured aneurysm, trauma, and hypertensive hemorrhage. Ruptured aneurysms of the anterior communicating artery can often be predicted from the nonenhanced CT scan. The total mortality rate was 50%; however, 21% of patients returned to normal or had only mild disability. Patients in whom no cause was identified had a better prognosis. Delayed hydrocephalus was related to the effects of subarachnoid hemorrhage rather than obstruction of the ventricular system by blood. IVH per se is seldom a major factor in the neurological outcome.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Brain Injuries / complications
  • Brain Injuries / diagnostic imaging
  • Cerebral Hemorrhage / diagnostic imaging*
  • Cerebral Hemorrhage / etiology
  • Cerebral Ventricles*
  • Cerebral Ventriculography
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hydrocephalus / complications
  • Hydrocephalus / diagnostic imaging
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Intracranial Aneurysm / complications
  • Intracranial Aneurysm / diagnostic imaging
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Prognosis
  • Rupture, Spontaneous
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed*