The use of vasopressin infusion or arterial embolization in the treatment of 87 patients with gastrointestinal hemorrhage is reviewed. A bleeding point was identified angiographically in 46 patients (53%), with a higher success rate in those with upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage (63%) than in those with lower (39%) gastrointestinal hemorrhage. Vasopressin infusion in 33 patients completely stopped hemorrhage in 14 and slowed hemorrhage pending surgery in another 5. Gelfoam embolization was successful as definitive therapy in 12 of 15 patients. Mortality as a result of hemorrhage or its sequelae was 40% in patients with upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage and 21% in those with lower gastrointestinal hemorrhage.