Haemodynamic responses to induction of anaesthesia using midazolam in cardiac surgical patients

Br J Anaesth. 1982 Oct;54(10):1053-8. doi: 10.1093/bja/54.10.1053.

Abstract

The cardiovascular effects of midazolam 0.2 mg kg-1 i.v. were studied during the induction of anaesthesia in 16 premedicated patients subjected to cardiac surgery. In eight patients with coronary artery disease in whom global resting left ventricular function was normal the haemodynamic changes were small and observations on arterial pressure, cardiac index, stroke index, cardiac filling pressures, systemic and pulmonary vascular resistance appeared to parallel those accompanying deep sleep in healthy volunteers. In eight patients with valvular heart disease and haemodynamic evidence of moderately impaired cardiac performance, pump function during induction with midazolam was maintained, probably as a result of the tendency towards a decrease in systemic vascular resistance. Midazolam appears to be a valuable alternative to conventional induction agents without adverse effects on the cardiovascular system.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Anesthetics / pharmacology*
  • Benzodiazepines / pharmacology*
  • Blood Pressure / drug effects
  • Coronary Artery Bypass
  • Coronary Disease / physiopathology
  • Heart Diseases / physiopathology*
  • Heart Rate / drug effects
  • Heart Valve Diseases / physiopathology
  • Heart Valve Prosthesis
  • Hemodynamics / drug effects*
  • Humans
  • Midazolam
  • Middle Aged
  • Stroke Volume / drug effects
  • Vascular Resistance / drug effects

Substances

  • Anesthetics
  • Benzodiazepines
  • Midazolam