A comparison of relaxation techniques with electrosleep therapy for chronic, sleep-onset insomnia a sleep-EEG study

Biofeedback Self Regul. 1980 Mar;5(1):57-73. doi: 10.1007/BF00999064.


Two methods of relaxation therapy, electromyograph biofeedback and autogenic training, were compared to a nonrelaxation treatment, electrosleep therapy, in reducing sleep latency among 22 chronic, sleep-onset insomniacs. While none of the electrosleep patients improved on all-night laboratory electroencephalographic sleep records or daily home sleep logs, approximately one-half of the relaxation-treated patients showed marked improvement, which was sustained over a 1-month follow-up period. Although some sleep and treatment variables differentiated relaxation therapy responders from nonresponders, external stress appeared to be the most salient factor. Successful and unsuccessful patients could not be differentiated on any of the psychological variables studied.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Arousal
  • Autogenic Training
  • Biofeedback, Psychology*
  • Electroencephalography*
  • Electromyography*
  • Electronarcosis*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Relaxation Therapy / methods*
  • Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders / therapy*