A reproducible and simple system for the production of germ tubes from yeast cells of Candida albicans using glucose and glutamine as substrates has been described. During germ tube formation there was a doubling of the dry weight but the number of cells remained constant. Although the DNA content did not change for the first 4 h of germ tube formation, the RNA content more than doubled. The DNA and RNA content of C. albicans blastospores are 4.5 x 10(-15) g per cell and 48 x 10(-15) g per cell respectively. Nystatin, phenethyl alcohol, 2,4-dinitrophenol, azaserine, salicylhydroxamic acid, and 5-fluorocytosine were all effective inhibitors of germ tube formation. Cysteine, potassium cyanide, and polyoxin D did not prevent germination. The incorporation of both uracil and leucine occurred rapidly during germ tube formation. The inhibitors of RNA synthesis, actinomycin D. cordycepin, and daunomycin prevented germination and inhibited uracil incorporation. The translational inhibitors, trichodermin, aurin tricarboxylic acid, puromycin, and cyloheximide were effective in inhibiting both germ tube formation and leucine incorporation.