The Acute Effect of Insulin on Heart Rate, Blood Pressure, Plasma Noradrenaline and Urinary Albumin Excretion. The Role of Changes in Blood Glucose

Diabetologia. 1980 Jun;18(6):453-7. doi: 10.1007/BF00261700.

Abstract

The effect of intravenous insulin (7-8 U as a bolus injection) on renal haemodynamics and urinary excretion of albumin and beta-2-microglobulin was examined in five recent onset juvenile diabetics. Blood glucose concentration was maintained after insulin at unchanged or slightly increased levels by continuous intravenous glucose infusion (50 g/100 ml, 1.2 ml/min). Mean arterial blood pressure increased slightly but significantly from 94 +/- 8 mmHg to 99 +/- 10 (mean +/- SD) after insulin. The rise in heart rate (16 versus 29 beats/min) and in plasma noradrenaline (from 0.16 to 0.32 ng/ml versus 0.20 to 0.49 ng/ml) was significantly greater in the tilted position after insulin. There was no decrease in glomerular filtration rate or renal plasma flow after insulin, in contrast to the findings after intravenous injection of insulin without maintenance of plasma glucose. Urinary albumin excretion was approximately doubled after insulin, from 6.8 to 12.5 microgram/min. Beta-2-microglobulin excretion decreased but this difference was not significant. -- It is concluded that the rise in heart rate and plasma noradrenaline, and the increase in urinary albumin excretion, after insulin, are unrelated to changes in blood glucose concentration. It is suggested that increased albumin excretion after insulin is due to a direct effect of insulin on glomerular endothelial or epithelial cells.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Albuminuria
  • Blood Pressure / drug effects*
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / drug therapy
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / physiopathology*
  • Glomerular Filtration Rate / drug effects
  • Heart Rate / drug effects*
  • Humans
  • Insulin / therapeutic use*
  • Kidney / blood supply
  • Kidney / drug effects
  • Kidney / physiopathology
  • Kinetics
  • Norepinephrine / blood*
  • Regional Blood Flow / drug effects

Substances

  • Insulin
  • Norepinephrine