We have immunized mice with enriched populations of cultured rat astrocytes and fused their spleen cells with NS-1 myeloma cells to generate antibody-secreting hybridomas. We have isolated two stable hybridoma clones which secrete monoclonal IgG2 antibodies that react with the surface of the great majority of rat astrocytes in culture. We have studied one of these antibodies in indirect immunofluorescence assays and show that it binds to the surface of rat ependymal cells, retinal Müller cells and leptomeningeal cells as well as to astrocytes, but not to cultured neurones, oligodendrocytes, Schwann cells, microglia or various non-neural cells. The antigen defined by this monoclonal antibody is protease-sensitive and rat-specific and we have called it rat neural antigen-2 (Ran-2). We also show that isolated rat ependymal cells and cultured rat Müller cells do not express other neural cell-type-specific markers, such as tetanus toxin receptors, rat neural antigen-1 (Ran-1), galactocerebroside or glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP). Nor do these cells express cell surface Fc receptors for IgG, phagocytose latex beads or make detectable amounts of the Thy-1 or fibronectin glycoproteins.