Neonatal transport: a controlled study of skilled assistance. Mortality and morbidity of neonates less than 1.5 kg birth weight

J Pediatr. 1978 Oct;93(4):662-6. doi: 10.1016/s0022-3476(78)80913-5.


To attempt to demonstrate the need for skilled care of sick neonates in transport, a modified randomized controlled study of infants being transported to this institution was carried out. Although special equipment was used, ambulances were not modified. Results of the first phase reported here show that infants weighing less than 1.5 kg at birth, transported by a trained physician and nurse, were significantly warmer, less hypotensive, and less acidotic on admission to the NICU. Mortality was significantly reduced, first week morbidity somewhat lessened, and duration of stay in hospital reduced by more than one third (P less than 0.01).

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Ambulances
  • Body Temperature
  • Gestational Age
  • Humans
  • Infant, Low Birth Weight*
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Infant, Newborn, Diseases* / epidemiology
  • Infant, Newborn, Diseases* / mortality
  • Intensive Care Units
  • Length of Stay
  • Patient Care Team*
  • Transportation of Patients*