In this study the history of anatomical nomenclatures is described, the Basle Nomina Anatomica (BNA), Jena Nomina Anatomica (JNA), Paris Nomina Anatomica (PNA), the Nomina Histologica and Nomina Embryologica. The Anatomische Gesellschaft inaugurated the BNA and the JNA in cooperation with foreign anatomists. The Nomina Anatomica, Nomina Histologica and Nomina Embryologica are international nomenclatures, elaborated by I.A.N.C. and subcommittees. Problems of these nomenclatures are discussed.