Purification, properties, and immunohistochemical localisation of human brain 14-3-3 protein

J Neurochem. 1982 May;38(5):1466-74. doi: 10.1111/j.1471-4159.1982.tb07927.x.


A protein has been purified from human brain that appears to be the human equivalent of bovine 14-3-3 protein. On polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis the protein migrates as a faster major component, termed 14-3-3-2 protein, and a slower minor component, termed 14-3-3-1 protein, which consists of approximately 12% of the total protein. Both 14-3-3-1 and 14-3-3-2 have a native molecular weight of approximately 67,000. 14-3-3-2 appears to have the subunit composition alpha beta; 14-3-3-1 has the composition beta'beta'. Peptide mapping with Staphylococcus aureus V8 proteinase shows that alpha and beta subunits are unrelated but the beta and beta' subunits show some common peptides. Immunoperoxidase labelling shows that 14-3-3 is localised in neurones in the human cerebral cortex. 14-3-3 shows no enolase, creatine kinase, triose phosphate isomerase, ATPase, cyclic nucleotide-dependent protein kinase, or purine nucleoside phosphorylase activity. 14-3-3 does not bind calcium and does not appear to be related to calmodulin, calcineurin, tubulin, neurofilament proteins, clathrin-associated proteins, or tropomyosin. The functional significance of this neuronal protein remains obscure.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • 14-3-3 Proteins
  • Amino Acids / analysis
  • Brain Chemistry*
  • Calcium / metabolism
  • Chromatography, Gel
  • Chromatography, Ion Exchange
  • Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel
  • Humans
  • Immunoenzyme Techniques
  • Molecular Weight
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins / isolation & purification*
  • Tyrosine 3-Monooxygenase*


  • 14-3-3 Proteins
  • Amino Acids
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins
  • Tyrosine 3-Monooxygenase
  • Calcium