The effect of a synchronizing-recruiting drug schedule vs. myelotoxic therapy on remission rate and of Bacillus Calmette-Guerin on remission duration and survival of adults with acute myelogenous leukemia were studied in a prospective cooperative trial. After randomized remission induction with Arabinosyl Cytosine + vincristine + methotrexate + leucovorin (AVML), thioguanine + Ara-C + Daunorubin (TAD), or Daunorubicin + Ara-C (DA), complete remissions (CR) were consolidated with TAD or AVML. CRs were maintained with BCG vaccination (Tice strain) by the tine technique, or BCNU plus Ara-C (B/A), or no further therapy (NFT). Of 209 evaluable TAD patients, 105 (50%) achieved CR; of 187 DA, 97 (52%) achieved CR. AVML yielded only 15 CR among 59 patients (25%). The time to remission was significantly shorter with DA compared with TAD. Ninety-seven patients were randomized to maintenance therapy (35 B/A, 30 BCG, 32 NFT). There were no differences in remission duration (7, 8, 6 months) or survival (16, 22, 16 months, respectively). Manipulation of the cell cycle, as employed in this study, was not helpful. There may be a marginal effect of BCG, but our data fail to show a statistically significant benefit.