Mechanisms involved in the renal responses to intravenous and renal artery infusions of noradrenaline in conscious dogs

J Physiol. 1981 Dec;321:21-30. doi: 10.1113/jphysiol.1981.sp013969.

Abstract

1. The renal haemodynamic and glomerular filtration rate (G.F.R.) responses to intravenous and intrarenal infusions of noradrenaline were studied in conscious dogs, either with or without prior blockade of angiotensin II formation with teprotide. 2. Infusion noradrenaline by either route resulted in dose-related rises in plasma renin activity. 3. Pretreatment with teprotide reduced the rise in mean arterial pressure and abolished the rise in G.F.R. seen during intravenous infusions of noradrenaline (0.1, 0.2 and 0.4 microgram/kg . min). Noradrenaline also reduced filtration fraction more after teprotide pretreatment. 4. Renal blood flow rose and renal vascular resistance fell in response to I.V. noradrenaline infusions. This renal vasodilatation was unaffected by pretreatment of the dogs with teprotide, indomethacin or DL-propranolol. However after pentolinium pretreatment, I.V. noradrenaline infusion caused a dose-related renal vasoconstriction. 5. Infusion of noradrenaline into the renal artery (0.02, 0.05 and 0.1 microgram/kg . min) resulted in rises in mean arterial pressure and G.F.R. which were abolished by teprotide pretreatment. Filtration fraction rose when noradrenaline was administered alone but fell when it was infused after teprotide treatment. 6. Thus angiotensin II formed as the result of increased renin release acted to maintain G.F.R. and filtration fraction during noradrenaline infusion. In addition, I.V. noradrenaline infusions in conscious dogs caused reflex vasodilatation of the renal vasculature.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Dogs
  • Glomerular Filtration Rate / drug effects
  • Hemodynamics / drug effects
  • Infusions, Parenteral
  • Kidney / drug effects*
  • Kidney / physiology
  • Male
  • Norepinephrine / administration & dosage
  • Norepinephrine / pharmacology*
  • Renal Artery
  • Renal Circulation / drug effects
  • Renin / blood

Substances

  • Renin
  • Norepinephrine