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Case Reports
, 154 (2), 175-80

Diaphragmatic Rupture Due to Blunt Abdominal Trauma

  • PMID: 7058475
Case Reports

Diaphragmatic Rupture Due to Blunt Abdominal Trauma

A G de la Rocha et al. Surg Gynecol Obstet.

Abstract

Twenty-two instances of diaphragmatic rupture secondary to blunt thoracoabdominal trauma were seen at the Trauma Unit of the Health Sciences Centre, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada during a 30 year period. Diaphragmatic laceration occurred in the right leaf in 11, in the left in ten, and in both sides in one instance. In 14, the diagnosis was made and repair effected within 24 hours of presentation. Seven were diagnosed and treated from three days to several years after the injury. Two patients died soon after admission. They were victims of multiple intra-abdominal as well as intrathoracic injuries. Repair was generally effected through a laparotomy during the immediate post-traumatic period. Thoracotomy was used in those diagnosed after the latent interval. The diagnosis of diaphragmatic disruption should be considered in any patient suffering from blunt thoracoabdominal trauma. Usually a roentgenogram of the chest will confirm the suspected injury. In contradistinction to most of the reported series, our experience indicates that right diaphragmatic injuries are more common than what is usually thought.

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