The effect of various doses of different types (reverse phase evaporation vesicles and small unilamellar vesicles) of intravenously injected liposomes on reticuloendothelial activity, as measured by the blood clearance rate of intravenously injected carbon, was investigated. Also the effect of pretreatment with reverse phase evaporation vesicles on blood clearance and tissue distribution of a second dose of similar vesicles was determined. For all concentrations used reverse phase evaporation vesicles caused a reduction in reticuloendothelial activity at least up to 4 h after injection. 24 h after administration the rate of carbon clearance returned to the control level. On the contrary small unilamellar vesicles did not block reticuloendothelial activity. Pretreatment with reverse phase evaporation vesicles (250 mumol/kg) caused an increased blood level and a decreased hepatic uptake of a second dose of the vesicles, injected 1 h after the first dose. This seems to be due to a depression of reticuloendothelial activity and not to a depletion of opsonins. Pretreatment with small unilamellar vesicles (250 mumol/kg) had no significant influence on the tissue distribution of a second dose of vesicles. Our results clearly indicate that reverse phase evaporation vesicles cause a reversible depression of reticuloendothelial activity and this depression seems to be induced by a saturation of reticuloendothelial cells with liposomes.