Tritiated leucine and proline injected into the amygdaloid complex was found to label a voluminous amygdalostriatal fiber system which is distributed to all parts of the striatum except an antero-dorsolateral striatal sector. The connection is established by way of the longitudinal association bundle as well as the stria terminalis, and includes a modest (10-15%), symmetrically distributed contralateral component conveyed by the anterior commissure. Both autoradiographic findings and subsequent observations in retrograde cell-labelling (horseradish peroxidase) material indicate that the amygdalostriatal projection originates mainly from the nucleus basalis lateralis amygdalae, in much lesser volume from the nucleus basalis medialis, and minimally from the nucleus lateralis amygdalae; no other contributing amygdaloid cell group could be identified. A comparison of the present findings with earlier reports indicates that the amygdalostriatal projection widely overlaps the striatal projections from the ventral tegmental area, the mesencephalic raphe nuclei and the prefrontal cortex. Like the amygdalostriatal projection, these striatal afferents largely or entirely avoid the antero-dorsolateral striatal quadrant, which thus appears to be the striatal region most sparsely innervated by afferents originating from structures within the circuitry of the limbic system. Findings in additional autoradiographic material identify this relatively non-limbic striatal quadrant as the main region of distribution of the corticostriatal projection from the sensorimotor cortex.