Computed tomographic observations pertinent to intracranial venous thrombotic and occlusive disease in childhood. State of the art, some new data, and hypotheses

Radiology. 1982 May;143(2):441-9. doi: 10.1148/radiology.143.2.7071346.


Selected topics are discussed and new observations recorded regarding computed tomographic (CT) evaluation of intracranial venous thrombotic and occlusive disease in childhood. High density of the vein of Galen and adjacent venous sinuses (relative to brain) can be seen normally in children. A number of potential pitfalls in the diagnosis of superior sagittal sinus thrombosis are also disclosed. A case of cavernous sinus thrombosis with abnormal CT changes in included. In addition, the normal CT appearance of the cavernous sinus is described. In some cases, filling defects occur which appear to correlate with normal cranial nerves. An unusual case of venous sinus occlusion by neoplasm (sarcoma) is presented. Finally, new findings in the Sturge-Weber syndrome are analyzed. Enhancement of the brain in this condition may have its basis in altered circulation resulting from fundamental venous abnormalities.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Brain Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging
  • Cavernous Sinus / diagnostic imaging
  • Cerebrovascular Disorders / diagnostic imaging*
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Intracranial Arteriovenous Malformations / diagnostic imaging
  • Intracranial Embolism and Thrombosis / diagnostic imaging*
  • Male
  • Sarcoma / diagnostic imaging
  • Sturge-Weber Syndrome / diagnostic imaging
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed*